This vaccine includes several viral diseases in one.
- Rhinotracheitis – This viral disease causes loss of appetite, fever, and inflammation of the eyes and nose resulting in both a nasal and ocular discharge.
- Calicivirus – This is also a respiratory virus similar to rhinotracheitis but can also cause significant ulceration of the tongue.
- Panleukopenia– A parvoviral disease that attacks the rapidly dividing cells of the intestine and bone marrow resulting in severe vomiting, diarrhea and very low white blood cell numbers. It is often lethal in young or debilitated animals and healthy adults usually require hospitalization on fluids to survive. This disease is highly contagious and the virus can live outside the animal for extended periods of time.
- Rabies is highly fatal virus affecting the nervous system in all warm blooded animals. It is transferred through the saliva of an infected animal most commonly a bat,skunk or raccoon. An untreated infection is always fatal. This virus is of particular concern because of its ability to infect humans.
- This retrovirus can take multiple forms including the development of lymphoma (tumors), anemia (due to destruction of red cell precursors) and leukemia (resulting in the loss of normal white blood cells). Often cats present with secondary infections because of the loss of their normal immune system. This virus can remain dormant in cats for years and some cats will be silent carriers for life. Other cats will only have transient infections and fully recover. There is no evidence linking leukemia virus to any human disease.
While there are currently vaccines available for feline immunodeficiency virus, feline infectious peritonitis and giardia, these vaccines have problems with cross-reactivity and efficacy. For this reason we do not currently recommend their use except in special cases.